India grows the largest number of vegetables from temperate to humid tropics and from sea-level to snowline, Vegetables are excellent source of vitamins, particularly niacin, riboflavin, Thiamin and vitamins A and C. They also supply minerals such as calcium and iron besides proteins and carbohydrates. Vegetables combat under nourishment and are known to be cheapest source of natural protective tools. Most of the vegetables, being short duration crops, fit very well in the intensive cropping system and are capable of giving very high yields and very high economic returns to the growers.Major vegetables grown in India are Potato, Onion, Tomato, Cauliflower, Cabbage, Bean, Egg Plants, Cucumber and Garkin, Frozen Peas, Garlic and okra.
The major varieties under different vegetables products are as follows Potato (Kufri Sindhuri, Kufri Chandramukhi, Kufri Badshah, Kufri Bahar), Tomato (Vaishali, Rupali, Rashmi, Rajni, Pusa Ruby),Cauliflower(Pusa Deepali, Early Kunwari, Punjab Giant-26, Pant Shubhra, Dania Kalimpong), Cabbage (Golden Acre, Pusa Mukta, Pusa Drumhead, K-1), Peas (Asauji, Lucknow Boniya, Alaska, Bonneville, T-19), Okra (Pusa Makhmali, Punjab Padmini, Pusa Sawani, Parbhani Kranti, Arka Anamika).
Areas of Cultivation :
The major areas producing Fresh Vegetables are West Bengal, Uttar Pradesh, Bihar, Andhra Pradesh, Madhya Pradesh, Gujarat, Orissa, Tamil Nadu, Maharashtra, Karnataka, Haryana, Chhattisgarh and Jharkhand.The area under cultivation of Vegetable products was 10106 Thousand Ha with a production of 169.06 million tonnes in the year 2015-16.
India Facts and Figures:
India is also a prominent exporter of Fresh Vegetables in the world. The country has exported 7,50,111.99 MT of Fresh Vegetables other than Onion to the world for the worth of Rs. 2,029.43 crores/ 284.28 USD Millions during the year 2019-20.
Major Export Destinations (2019-20): The major importing countries are U Arab Emts, Nepal, U K, Qatar, Bangladesh Pr.
Original Source from http://apeda.gov.in/apedawebsite/SubHead_Products/Other_Fresh_Vegetables.htm